Welding: the process of joining metals by the application of heat and pressure.
Welding is one of the most demanding and potentially dangerous jobs in the industrial sector and so protective measures must be taken to ensure the safety of anyone undertaking either a professional or domestic welding task. A welding mask is a ‘must’ in terms of safety when it comes to protecting the welder’s sight, skin, hair and scalp from light exposure; sparks; splashes of hot metal and UV/IR radiation.
Best Pick Welding Mask
- 🔨【4 Independent Shade Filter Sensors for Eye Protection】4 Independent Shade Filter Sensors for auto darkening to protect your eyes at rates as rapidly as 1 / 25,000 of a second when the arc is struck; A clear view provided when not welding but fast changes to the required amount of shade or filter when arc is struck; Switchable sensitivity and delay settings extremely ideal for ARC, MIG/MAG or TIG welding and grinding
- 🔨【Top Optical Visibility Class with Wide Field of View】 Best optical Class 1/1/1/1 assists you to finish your welding work precisely; Large viewing screen 98 x 43mm gives you a broader view in different kinds of welding operations; Instant reaction time < 1 / 25,000 of a second, very fast change into darkening state accordingly when welding
- 🔨【DIN 16 Variable Shade with Reliable Quality】Variable Shade DIN 4/4-8/9-13 suits various tasks; Extended chin, side and top of head coverage for superior protection; Meet DIN EN 379, DIN EN 175 safety standards, ANSI / ISEA Z87.1-2015, CSA Z94.3-07 and AS/NZS 1337.1:2010 safety standards, get approval of CE / FCC / RoHS certification, which reaches the strict quality for health and safety
- 🔨【Comfortable Headband with Balanced Design】Adjustable headband provides a comfortable no-slip fit while leaving the users hands completely free for working; Contoured frame edges to deflect particles and splashes, balances well in both up and down position, which provides a comfortable fit
- 🔨【What You Get】 1 x Welding Helmet, 1x Welding Helmet Bag, 6 x Welding Helmet Lens, 1 x User Manual, Friendly customer service(Just e-mail us through Amazon)
Only got 5 minutes
When it comes to choosing the best welding mask, one of the first decisions you’ll need to make is the type of welding mask lens technology you’re going to need: passive or auto-darkening.
Passive Vs Auto-darkening
|Passive||Relatively inexpensive Traditional||Requires repeated lifting and lowering of the lens |
Potential safety risks should there be a delay in the lens being lowered
|Auto-darkening||No intermittent lifting or lowering required |
Mask remains stable potentially improving weld quality and increased comfort levels
|Solar powered requires sufficient light level|
Lithium battery powered – batteries will need to be replaced
Lens reaction time means there’s inevitably a marginal amount of exposure to the welding arc
When it comes to protection, it’s the lens of the welding mask that stands between you and the potentially harmful light and radiation levels produced from welding. The best welding masks will have a lens that’s made from heat-resistant, high-quality mineral glass, with a decent shade rating and of a decent size – generally speaking, the bigger the better!!
Lens shade level is measured according to DIN specification, which is the German industrial standard. A welding mask with a lens shade up to DIN 8 is regarded as being suitable for low-amperage welding; masks with a lens shade level ranging from DIN 9 up to DIN 13 are used for high amperage tasks. A welding mask with a rating of around 11 DIN should be sufficient for the majority of mid to high amperage welding jobs.
When comparing lens size, you ideally want to go for the biggest surface area that your budget allows. Sizes tend to range from around 44mm x 93mm up to 73mm x 107mm.
Lens technology explained
Passive welding masks
Traditionally, welding masks had passive lenses, which means the lens has a fixed shade value. Consequently, the lens is raised during the preparation stage and prior to welding, and then lowered directly before the welding work begins. In order to check the weld, the user will be required to manually raise and lower the mask as and when needed.
As passive welding masks are equipped with a fixed shade lens and cannot be adjusted, you’d need to be sure to choose one which has a sufficient shade value for the type of welding work you intend on carrying out.
Auto-darkening welding masks
In the early 1980s, the first auto-darkening welding masks were launched – welding masks equipped with light sensors and variable shade lenses. Unless the sensors detect a welding arc, the lens, in its inactive state, remains fully transparent giving the wearer clear visibility without having to raise the lens. Once it detects welding is in process, it automatically applies a dark filter to the lens. This automatic adjustment is powered either by an integrated solar battery and/or lithium batteries. A decent solar battery can provide between 2000-3000 hours of use however the downside comes when working in low-light conditions; having a welding mask which has the option of switching to a lithium battery is handy for when working inside; in the evening or on particularly overcast days.
When comparing auto-darkening masks, pay particular attention to the lens filter activation speed/reaction time; this is the time it takes for the lens to darken once welding commences – you want the quickest speed your budget allows for; speeds vary from 0.1 m/s to 0.04 m/s. Granted, there’s not much in it but, when it comes to protecting your sight, every fraction of a second count!
The best welding masks will be both functional and comfortable.
Functional features to look out for
- Auto-darkening filter technology (ADF)
- Flip-up lens
- Grinding function
- Storage bag
- Low battery indicator
- Adjustable sensitivity
- Extra lenses supplied
- Flash decay time control
- A lens which offers the maximum level of UV and IR protection
- Lengthy warranty – some manufacturer’s offer lifetime warranty
- Arc sensors (2 min/4 max)
Comfort features to look out for
- Forehead cushion
- Adjustable headband – no-slip fit
- Ergonomic adjustable shade and sensitivity knob/dial
- Removable & machine-washable sweatband
- Magnification lenses for users who normally wear glasses and/or adjustable headband rack/pinion adjustment
Best Budget Welding Mask
- 【Safety & Protection】Passive Filter with Permanent shade 13 to UV/IR, combined with double-layered auto dimming LCD shutter, providing sufficient and accurate shade range within 4/5-9/9-13 to visible lights; Full face neck coverage protecting welders from spatters and harmful radiant; Meets EN379 Standards
- 【Comfort & Convenience】Very light total weight, reduces head and neck stress; Fully automatic auto darkening lens, eliminating flipping up and down the hood; Exterior Shade settings and Grind switch.
- 【Performance】4 Premium redundant arc sensors, with highly responsive detecting and controlling units providing super-fast switching time and accurate auto shading, minimizing harmful radiant bypass, avoiding eye stress
- 【Reliability】Interference Suppression Technologies, minimizing false triggering: less sensitive to sun lights, workshop lights while very responsive to welding arc, even the hardest to detect DC TIG: Rating > 2 Amps
- 【Versatility】A great personal protection equipment that can handle multiple processes of Plasma cutting, abrasive wheel cutting/grinding, DC TIG, AC TIG, MIG/MAG, MMA/Stick welding, which are popular in metal fabrication industry, welding schools, welding shops, auto manufacturing and repair industry, ship factories as well as DIY hobbyists projects
Choosing the safest welding mask
The two main safety standards to look out for when choosing your welding mask are EN175 and EN379.
EN175 is the European standard for all face and eye personal protective equipment. A welding mask with this standard means the design has been found to offer sufficient levels of protection against potential radiative, flammable, mechanical and electrical hazards. If the welding mask you’re considering doesn’t have this standard, move on and look for one that does!!
EN379 is the standard known as ‘optical clarity’ and is governed by CEN specifically for the welding industry. This standard is relevant to auto-darkening welding masks as it relates to the auto-darkening filters that darken in response to the welding arc. The filters are graded on a sale of 1-3 (1 being the best and 3 being the worst) across 4 categories:
- Optical class
- Diffusion of light
- Variations on luminous transmittance
- Angle dependence.
The best welding masks would achieve the maximum grading of EN379 1/1/1/1 whilst the lowest possible score would be EN379 3/3/3/3.
Best of the Rest
- Suitable for MIG, TIG & Arc (MMA/GMAW) electric welding
- Durable, wraparound head shield for face & neck protection
- Flip-up lens for improved vision
- Face shield certified to EN175 / green infrared lens (DIN 11) certified to EN169
- Spatter shield certified to EN166
- 🔨【Large Viewing Area】 - 100x73mm large viewing area with the optical index of 1/1/1/1, which provides the best visual effects and reduces visual fatigue. You can get a high visibility and feel comfortable when doing welding and grinding jobs
- 🔨【4 Arc Sensors & Auto Darking Filter】 - 4 highly sensitive Arc sensors scientifically distributed, which can sense the arc from all angles and make the filter automatically darken within 1 / 25,000s. UV / IR filter ensures a permanently full range eyes protection up to shade DIN 16 all time
- 🔨【Adjustable Headband】 - There are three adjustable nodes on the headband. Please follow the user manual to adjust the size according to your needs
- 🔨【2 Working Mode & Variable Shade】 - Easily switch between grinding mode and welding mode by adjusting the ‘Mode’ knob. The Auto-darkening degree of the filter can be specified by adjusting the nearby ‘Shade’ knob
- 🔨【Adjustable Sensitivity and Delay】- Adjust light-to-dark switching sensitivity, and dark-to-light switching delay by dialing the “Sensitivity” or “Delay” knob, which can effectively protect your eyes and give you a comfortable work experience
- Heat protection, sparks and splashes of water, suitable for all types of welding and cutting
- Developed with the latest drain technology, has four front arc sensors which guarantee a quick and precise response.
- 97 x 47 mm filter provides a larger field of view and spatial perception
- DIN9-13 filter with 1/2/1/2 optical class for visibility and comfort soldering iron
- The adjustment level can be set externally, while the sensitivity and brightening of the time in the mask is adjusted.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I clean my welding mask?
The welding process creates large volumes of dust so your mask will need cleaning after each use. Use a soft-bristled brush to gently remove the dust from the lens and then rinse the screen with warm water or a specialist lens solution; finally, wipe it down with a soft cloth or tissue and leave to dry.
How should I store my welding mask?
You should store your welding mask in a safe and secure location; ideally in a dark room with low humidity. The best welding masks will come with a storage bag or case, which protects the lens from scratching; if your mask doesn’t come with a bag, it’s a good idea to store it in the original packaging.
Last update on 2020-07-04 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API